Why Gluconeogenesis is Important? (Simple Notes)

Gluconeogenesis: Why this is very Important? (Simple Notes)

Gluconeogenesis is the process of synthesizing glucose from non-carbohydrate sources. Gluconeogenesis occurs mainly in liver. Gluconeogenesis occurs to a more limited extent in the kidney and small intestine under some conditions. The starting point of gluconeogenesis is pyruvic acid, although oxaloacetic acid and dihydroxyacetone phosphate also provide entry points. Lactic ...

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Fatty Acid Synthesis Activation, Steps and Control

Fatty Acid Synthesis: Activation, Steps and Control

Fatty acid synthesis occurs similarly to Beta-oxidation – acetyl groups are added to a growing chain, but the mechanism of the pathway is distinctly different from being simply the reverse of Beta-oxidation. Fatty acid synthesis occurs in the cytosol (not mitochondria). It uses a moiety called Acyl-carrier protein (ACP) instead ...

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Fatty acids : Building Blocks of Fats and Oils

Fatty acids : Building Blocks of Fats and Oils

Fats are esters of high molecular weight containing fatty acids and glycerol. Glycerol is a trihydric alcohol and therefore one two or all the three hydroxyl groups (OH) can react with fatty acids forming mono, di or triglycerides respectively. Alcohols commonly include Glycerol, Cholesterol and higher alcohols such as cetyl ...

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Peptide bonds : Backbone of the Proteins

Peptide bonds : Backbone of the Proteins

“The peptide is formed between the amino group (-NH2) of the first amino acid and Carboxyl group (-COOH) of the second amino acid by eliminating one molecule of water.” The amino acids are held together in a protein by covalent peptide bonds or linkages. These bonds are rather strong and ...

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Biochemistry Question Bank for Second B.Sc. Students

Biochemistry Question Bank for Second B.Sc. Students

Dear Reader, This is academic year ending, examinations started. Students are preparing examinations. We are providing the questions lists, which is prepared from previous papers of the B.Sc. Second year. You can download this Biochemistry Question Bank in designed PDF format from below link. Biochemistry Question Bank for Second B.Sc. ...

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Multiple Choice Question - MCQ on Carbohydrates

Multiple Choice Question – MCQ on Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are widely distributed in plants and animals to fulfill both structural and metabolic roles. In plants, synthesized out CO2 and water by photosynthesis and steroid as starch or changed to cellulose to provide framework. Animals can synthesize some carbohydrate from fat and protein. However, the bulk of animal carbohydrate ...

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